Struggling two-income families frequently have to make the decision on whether to forego one income while one family member cares for a child or children or to pay child care expenses that can make the second income nearly meaningless. Similarly, single-patent homes have little choice but to spend hard-earned resources on top-quality childcare. It is time that we recognize that child care expenses for working couples are an expense incurred for the production of income, and should, therefore, be deductible on the family’s tax returns or otherwise receive tax-favored treatment. The tax code can be tailored to account for the fact that tax deductions favor the rich and those with higher incomes. Deduction phase-outs and refundable tax credits can be integrated into the code to ensure that those who need help with child care expenses the most, lower income families, can benefit in a way that make working outside of the home affordable for those who have no other choice.